Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam also known by its former name of Saigon , is the most populous city in Vietnam with a population of 13 million as of 2017. Located in southeast Vietnam, the metropolis surrounds the Saigon River and covers about 2,095 square kilometres.
Under the name Saigon, it was the capital of French Indochina from 1887 to 1902 and again from 1945 to 1954. Saigon would later become the capital of South Vietnam from 1955 until its fall in 1975. On 2 July 1976, Saigon merged with the surrounding Gia Định Province and was officially renamed Ho Chi Minh City after revolutionary leader Hồ Chí Minh (although the name Sài Gòn is still widely used).
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam is the financial centre of Vietnam. It is home to the Ho Chi Minh City Stock Exchange, the largest stock exchange by total market capitalization in Vietnam and the headquarters of many national and international banks and companies.
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam is the most visited city in Vietnam, with 6.3 million visitors in 2017. Many of the city’s landmarks which are well known to international visitors include the Bến Thành Market, Ho Chi Minh City Hall, Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon, Independence Palace and the Municipal Theatre. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Tan Son Nhat International Airport, it is the busiest airport in Vietnam handling 36 million passengers in 2017.